Military Responses to Energy Security Problems
In this 2010 report, QCEA makes the case that the only true and secure answer to energy supply problems is for developed economies to reduce their energy demand, through lifestyle changes. Dealing with the problem only on the supply-side leads to insecurity and, frequently, military action.
The Nabucco Pipeline and the EU’s relations with Turkmenistan
In 2009, QCEA published a report detailing the EU’s infrastructure project to build the Nabucco gas pipeline across parts of Central Asia. We argued that the construction of the pipeline should be used as an opportunity to press for changes in Turkmenistan, a country with a very dubious human rights record, through, for example, the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative.
Developments since the report was published have led QCEA to reassess some of our conclusions. Greater competition for the gas, the weak position of the EU to impose human rights or transparency conditions on Turkmenistan and the significant opportunity cost of public money going into new fossil fuel supply, rather than energy savings and renewable energy, combined with increasing uncertainty surrounding the project, have led us to adapt our stance accordingly.
The Nabucco and Trans-Sahara Gas Pipelines
The European Commission has identified the EU’s core energy objectives as sustainability, competitiveness and security of supply, with the latter singled out for particular concern in the recent Strategic Energy Review. This 2008 briefing paper covers two of the major infrastructural projects proposed in the Review. The first project, the Nabucco gas pipeline, is well developed; the second, the Trans-Sahara gas pipeline, is in an early stage of development (at least in terms of EU involvement).