The EU introduced the approach of ‘mainstreaming’ conflict prevention into all elements of its programming and policy-making in 2001. Mainstreaming conflict prevention means that conflict prevention should be systematically incorporated into all areas of EU policy and engagement in third countries. This implies conflict-sensitivity in all areas of programming. QCEA studied the impact that this new approach has had on EU action in the ACP-countries and this is one of two reports published on this subject.
Of the wide range of issues in which the EU is involved, this study identified seven thematic areas on which to focus and which are explored in more detail in the report:
- disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR), including child soldiers
- small arms and light weapons (SALW)
- security sector reform (SSR)
- political dialogue, including good governance, elections and civil society consultation
- management of natural resources
- transitional justice